A Simple Introduction To Custom Antibody
When someone mentions the word antibody, some people may know it is an immunology term, which is widely used in the biology and medical sciences. However, when someone mentions the word custom antibody, few people know it.
Nowadays, there are many companies available that can also provide several antibody products. To know more about antibody products, you can also check out the Boster Bio featured products online.
In order to explain it clearly, I will give the definition of an antibody first:
1. What is an antibody?
An antibody is an immunoglobulin produced by a kind of white blood cell, which is called a plasma cell. It is a large Y-shaped protein in the immune system that responds to the presence of antigens like bacteria or viruses.
Each antibody contains a specific "paratope" which can mark the specific "epitope" on the antigen. Under this binding mechanism, an antibody can resist or neutralize its target by other parts of the immune system.
Image Source: Google
2. When was the antibody discovered?
The custom antibodies were first mentioned in researches carried by scientists in the early 1980s. In order to speed up to explain Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, John Gribbin and Jeremy Cherfas, editors of New Scientist Magazine, brought forward a revolutionary method to study human evolution.
They extracted a blood serum protein and injected it into a rabbit. The body of the rabbit recognized the foreign protein and produced antibodies – these antibodies were specific to individual proteins.
3. How can custom antibodies help scientists?
They helped scientists to produce specific antibodies to adopt specific conditions, and the degree of the reaction indicates the extent of the evolutionary relationship. This method can accelerate the speed of searching evolutionary trees of living beings and manufacturing proteins to fight disease.
For example, if a patient was infected with a virus, his body will automatically produce an antibody. If the antibody is detected in time, doctors might be able to treat the patient and cure him before the virus spreads.